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Review of: Aggressiver

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Der Traum vom Achtelfinale ist damit schon nach dem ersten Spiel in weiter Ferne.


Übersetzung für 'aggressiver' im kostenlosen Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Englisch-Übersetzungen. Many translated example sentences containing "aggressiver werden" – English-​German dictionary and search engine for English translations. „Die Menschen sind heute weniger aggressiv“. Werden die Menschen in Deutschland tatsächlich aggressiver und gewalttätiger? Dieser Ansicht.


Übersetzung im Kontext von „aggressiver“ in Deutsch-Englisch von Reverso Context: Wir werden wagemutiger und aggressiver im Verfolgen unserer eigenen​. Many translated example sentences containing "aggressiver werden" – English-​German dictionary and search engine for English translations. Übersetzung für 'aggressiver' im kostenlosen Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Englisch-Übersetzungen.

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Aggressiver Your doctor may recommend psychotherapy to help treat aggressive behavior. It can also involve harming personal property. It is possible that a violence-related stimulus increases the likelihood of aggressive cognitions by activating the semantic network. They may also encourage you to take omega-3 fatty Le Due Torri Streaming supplements.

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Words related to aggressive contentious , intrusive , combative , threatening , destructive , tough , bold , zealous , forceful , dynamic , cocky , vigorous , smart , energetic , antipathetic , barbaric , bellicose , disruptive , disturbing , martial.

Example sentences from the Web for aggressive She also expressed regret for not being more aggressive internally to help right the ship on the response.

The stunning hypocrisy of Bill Barr Andrew Prokop September 17, Vox. America needs a democratic revolution Matthew Yglesias September 17, Vox.

Carney September 16, Washington Blade. A Field General in the War on Christmas David Freedlander December 24, DAILY BEAST. Chang December 17, DAILY BEAST.

Nancy Pelosi Plays Hardball On Cromnibus Ben Jacobs December 11, DAILY BEAST. What the U-VA Rape Case Tells Us About a Victim Culture Gone Mad Lizzie Crocker December 6, DAILY BEAST.

The Red Year Louis Tracy. An example of an aggressive dog is one that tries to bite or hurt others. An example of aggressive is a tumor which spreads quickly.

True to his word, he was aggressive without hurting her. But in spite of his aggressive behavior, she felt safe with him. After the club of the Pantheon was closed by Bonaparte, on the 27th of February , his aggressive activity redoubled.

Methodism has always been aggressive , and her children on emigrating have taken with them their evangelistic methods.

He wondered how much Miss Mulligan knew about the aggressive Mrs. Although there is much variation in species, generally the more physically aggressive sex is the male, particularly in mammals.

When the female can leave the male to care for the offspring, then females may be the larger and more physically aggressive.

Competitiveness despite parental investment has also been observed in some species. The role of such factors in human evolution is controversial.

The pattern of male and female aggression is argued to be consistent with evolved sexually-selected behavioral differences, [58] while alternative or complementary views emphasize conventional social roles stemming from physical evolved differences.

Especially in the application of evolutionary explanations to contemporary human behavior, including differences between the genders. There was no significant difference in aggression between males and females before two years of age.

They are more likely to use communication when trying to retrieve a toy with the words "Ask nicely" or "Say please. According to the journal of Aggressive Behaviour , an analysis across 9 countries found boys reported more in the use of physical aggression.

One factor that shows insignificant differences between male and female aggression is in sports. In sports, the rate of aggression in both contact and non-contact sports is relatively equal.

Since the establishment of Title IX, female sports have increased in competitiveness and importance, which could contribute to the evening of aggression and the "need to win" attitude between both genders.

Among sex differences found in adult sports were that females have a higher scale of indirect hostility while men have a higher scale of assault.

Some studies suggest that romantic involvement in adolescence decreases aggression in males and females, but decreases at a higher rate in females.

Females will seem more desirable to their mate if they fit in with society and females that are aggressive do not usually fit well in society, they can often be viewed as antisocial.

Female aggression is not considered the norm in society and going against the norm can sometimes prevent one from getting a mate. In many states, women now account for a quarter to a third of all domestic violence arrests, up from less than 10 percent a decade ago.

The new statistics reflect a reality documented in research: women are perpetrators as well as victims of family violence. This can be the case when men have become less ashamed of reporting female violence against them, therefore an increasing number of women are arrested, although the actual number of violent women remains the same.

In addition, males in competitive sports are often advised by their coaches not to be in intimate relationships based on the premises that they become more docile and less aggressive during an athletic event.

The circumstances in which males and females experience aggression are also different. A study showed that social anxiety and stress was positively correlated with aggression in males, meaning as stress and social anxiety increases so does aggression.

Furthermore, a male with higher social skills has a lower rate of aggressive behavior than a male with lower social skills. In females, higher rates of aggression were only correlated with higher rates of stress.

Other than biological factors that contribute to aggression there are physical factors are well. Regarding sexual dimorphism, humans fall into an intermediate group with moderate sex differences in body size but relatively large testes.

This is a typical pattern of primates where several males and females live together in a group and the male faces an intermediate number of challenges from other males compared to exclusive polygyny and monogamy but frequent sperm competition.

Evolutionary psychology and sociobiology have also discussed and produced theories for some specific forms of male aggression such as sociobiological theories of rape and theories regarding the Cinderella effect.

Another evolutionary theory explaining gender differences in aggression is the Male Warrior hypothesis , which explains that males have psychologically evolved for intergroup aggression in order to gain access to mates, resources, territory and status.

Many researchers focus on the brain to explain aggression. Numerous circuits within both neocortical and subcortical structures play a central role in controlling aggressive behavior, depending on the species, and the exact role of pathways may vary depending on the type of trigger or intention.

In mammals, the hypothalamus and periaqueductal gray of the midbrain are critical areas, as shown in studies on cats, rats, and monkeys.

These brain areas control the expression of both behavioral and autonomic components of aggression in these species, including vocalization. Electrical stimulation of the hypothalamus causes aggressive behavior [78] and the hypothalamus has receptors that help determine aggression levels based on their interactions with serotonin and vasopressin.

Stimulation of the amygdala results in augmented aggressive behavior in hamsters, [82] [83] while lesions of an evolutionarily homologous area in the lizard greatly reduce competitive drive and aggression Bauman et al.

Amygdalotomy , which involves removing or destroying parts of the amygdala, has been performed on people to reduce their violent behaviour.

The broad area of the cortex known as the prefrontal cortex PFC is crucial for self-control and inhibition of impulses, including inhibition of aggression and emotions.

The role of the chemicals in the brain, particularly neurotransmitters , in aggression has also been examined. This varies depending on the pathway, the context and other factors such as gender.

A deficit in serotonin has been theorized to have a primary role in causing impulsivity and aggression.

At least one epigenetic study supports this supposition. These include dopamine systems which are generally associated with attention and motivation toward rewards, and operate at various levels.

Norepinephrine , also known as noradrenaline, may influence aggression responses both directly and indirectly through the hormonal system, the sympathetic nervous system or the central nervous system including the brain.

Similarly, GABA , although associated with inhibitory functions at many CNS synapses, sometimes shows a positive correlation with aggression, including when potentiated by alcohol.

The hormonal neuropeptides vasopressin and oxytocin play a key role in complex social behaviours in many mammals such as regulating attachment, social recognition, and aggression.

Vasopressin has been implicated in male-typical social behaviors which includes aggression. Oxytocin may have a particular role in regulating female bonds with offspring and mates, including the use of protective aggression.

Initial studies in humans suggest some similar effects. In human, aggressive behavior has been associated with abnormalities in three principal regulatory systems in the body serotonin systems , catecholamine systems , and the hypothalamic—pituitary—adrenal axis.

Abnormalities in these systems also are known to be induced by stress , either severe, acute stress or chronic low-grade stress [92].

Early androgenization has an organizational effect on the developing brains of both males and females, making more neural circuits that control sexual behavior as well as intermale and interfemale aggression become more sensitive to testosterone.

Testosterone is present to a lesser extent in females, who may be more sensitive to its effects. Animal studies have also indicated a link between incidents of aggression and the individual level of circulating testosterone.

However, results in relation to primates, particularly humans, are less clear cut and are at best only suggestive of a positive association in some contexts.

In humans, there is a seasonal variation in aggression associated with changes in testosterone. This makes normal testosterone levels more effective.

Males castrated as neonates exhibit low levels of aggression even when given testosterone throughout their development. The challenge hypothesis outlines the dynamic relationship between plasma testosterone levels and aggression in mating contexts in many species.

It proposes that testosterone is linked to aggression when it is beneficial for reproduction, such as in mate guarding and preventing the encroachment of intrasexual rivals.

The challenge hypothesis predicts that seasonal patterns in testosterone levels in a species are a function of mating system monogamy versus polygyny , paternal care, and male-male aggression in seasonal breeders.

This pattern between testosterone and aggression was first observed in seasonally breeding birds, such as the song sparrow , where testosterone levels rise modestly with the onset of the breeding season to support basic reproductive functions.

For example, chimpanzees, which are continuous breeders, show significantly raised testosterone levels and aggressive male-male interactions when receptive and fertile females are present.

Another line of research has focused on the proximate effects of circulating testosterone on the nervous system, as mediated by local metabolism within the brain.

Aromatase is highly expressed in regions involved in the regulation of aggressive behavior, such as the amygdala and hypothalamus.

In studies using genetic knockout techniques in inbred mice, male mice that lacked a functional aromatase enzyme displayed a marked reduction in aggression.

Long-term treatment with estradiol partially restored aggressive behavior, suggesting that the neural conversion of circulating testosterone to estradiol and its effect on estrogen receptors influences inter-male aggression.

However, the effect of estradiol appears to vary depending on the strain of mouse, and in some strains it reduces aggression during long days 16 h of light , while during short days 8 h of light estradiol rapidly increases aggression.

Another hypothesis is that testosterone influences brain areas that control behavioral reactions. Studies in animal models indicate that aggression is affected by several interconnected cortical and subcortical structures within the so-called social behavior network.

A study involving lesions and electrical-chemical stimulation in rodents and cats revealed that such a neural network consists of the medial amygdala , medial hypothalamus and periaqueductal grey PAG , and it positively modulates reactive aggression.

In human studies, testosterone-aggression research has also focused on the role of the orbitofrontal cortex OFC. This brain area is strongly associated with impulse control and self-regulation systems that integrate emotion, motivation, and cognition to guide context-appropriate behavior.

Moreover, brain scanning with fMRI shows reduced activity in the medial OFC during such reactions. Such findings may suggest that a specific brain region, the OFC, is a key factor in understanding reactive aggression.

Scientists have for a long time been interested in the relationship between testosterone and aggressive behavior. In most species, males are more aggressive than females.

Castration of males usually has a pacifying effect on aggressive behavior in males. In humans, males engage in crime and especially violent crime more than females.

The involvement in crime usually rises in the early teens to mid teens which happen at the same time as testosterone levels rise.

Research on the relationship between testosterone and aggression is difficult since the only reliable measurement of brain testosterone is by a lumbar puncture which is not done for research purposes.

Studies therefore have often instead used more unreliable measurements from blood or saliva. The Handbook of Crime Correlates , a review of crime studies, states most studies support a link between adult criminality and testosterone although the relationship is modest if examined separately for each sex.

However, nearly all studies of juvenile delinquency and testosterone are not significant. Most studies have also found testosterone to be associated with behaviors or personality traits linked with criminality such as antisocial behavior and alcoholism.

About half the studies have found a relationship and about half no relationship. Studies of testosterone levels of male athletes before and after a competition revealed that testosterone levels rise shortly before their matches, as if in anticipation of the competition, and are dependent on the outcome of the event: testosterone levels of winners are high relative to those of losers.

No specific response of testosterone levels to competition was observed in female athletes, although a mood difference was noted. The possible correlation between testosterone and aggression could explain the "roid rage" that can result from anabolic steroid use, [] [] although an effect of abnormally high levels of steroids does not prove an effect at physiological levels.

Dehydroepiandrosterone DHEA is the most abundant circulating androgen hormone and can be rapidly metabolized within target tissues into potent androgens and estrogens.

Gonadal steroids generally regulate aggression during the breeding season, but non-gonadal steroids may regulate aggression during the non-breeding season.

Castration of various species in the non-breeding season has no effect on territorial aggression. In several avian studies, circulating DHEA has been found to be elevated in birds during the non-breeding season.

Similar results have been found in studies involving different strains of rats, mice, and hamsters. DHEA levels also have been studied in humans and may play a role in human aggression.

This implies that aggression in pre-pubertal children with aggressive conduct disorder might be correlated with plasma DHEAS rather than plasma testosterone, suggesting an important link between DHEAS and human aggressive behavior.

Glucocorticoid hormones have an important role in regulating aggressive behavior. In adult rats, acute injections of corticosterone promote aggressive behavior and acute reduction of corticosterone decreases aggression; however, a chronic reduction of corticosterone levels can produce abnormally aggressive behavior.

In addition, glucocorticoids affect development of aggression and establishment of social hierarchies.

Adult mice with low baseline levels of corticosterone are more likely to become dominant than are mice with high baseline corticosterone levels.

Glucocorticoids are released by the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal HPA axis in response to stress , of which cortisol is the most prominent in humans.

Results in adults suggest that reduced levels of cortisol, linked to lower fear or a reduced stress response, can be associated with more aggression.

However, it may be that proactive aggression is associated with low cortisol levels while reactive aggression may be accompanied by elevated levels.

Differences in assessments of cortisol may also explain a diversity of results, particularly in children.

The HPA axis is related to the general fight-or-flight response or acute stress reaction , and the role of catecholamines such as epinephrine , popularly known as adrenaline.

In many animals, aggression can be linked to pheromones released between conspecifics. In mice, major urinary proteins Mups have been demonstrated to promote innate aggressive behavior in males, [] [] and can be mediated by neuromodulatory systems.

In general, differences in a continuous phenotype such as aggression are likely to result from the action of a large number of genes each of small effect, which interact with each other and the environment through development and life.

In a non-mammalian example of genes related to aggression, the fruitless gene in fruit flies is a critical determinant of certain sexually dimorphic behaviors, and its artificial alteration can result in a reversal of stereotypically male and female patterns of aggression in fighting.

However, in what was thought to be a relatively clear case, inherent complexities have been reported in deciphering the connections between interacting genes in an environmental context and a social phenotype involving multiple behavioral and sensory interactions with another organism.

In mice, candidate genes for differentiating aggression between the sexes are the Sry sex determining region Y gene, located on the Y chromosome and the Sts steroid sulfatase gene.

The Sts gene encodes the steroid sulfatase enzyme, which is pivotal in the regulation of neurosteroid biosynthesis.

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Fridlund, and Daniel Reisberg. Read More. Login or Register. Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Please tell us where you read or Christian Beermann it including the quote, if possible. If Sky Cinema Kostenlos inconsistency is larger, fear or aggressive behavior may be employed to alter the perception in order to make it match expectancy, depending on the size of the inconsistency as well as Berliner Allee Hannover specific context. Dictionary Entries near aggressive aggregometer aggress aggression aggressive aggressor aggrievance aggrieve See More Nearby Entries. Aggression is, thus, aggravated during times when high population densities generate resource shortages. The involvement in crime usually rises in the early teens to mid teens which happen at the same time as testosterone levels rise. Another evolutionary theory explaining gender differences in aggression is the Aggressiver Warrior hypothesiswhich explains that males have psychologically evolved for intergroup aggression in order to gain access to mates, resources, Tim Sander Werbung and status. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Another word for aggressive. Find more ways to say aggressive, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Aggressive behavior is behavior that causes physical or emotional harm to others, or threatens to. It can range from verbal abuse to the destruction of a victim. Aggressive: having or showing a bold forcefulness in the pursuit of a goal. Synonyms: ambitious, assertive, enterprising Antonyms: ambitionless, low-pressure, nonassertive. Aggressive definition is - tending toward or exhibiting aggression. How to use aggressive in a sentence. Synonym Discussion of aggressive. Aggressive behavior can impede learning as a skill deficit, while assertive behavior can facilitate learning. However, with young children, aggressive behavior is developmentally appropriate and can lead to opportunities of building conflict resolution and communication skills. Das Komma bei Throwaways Der Einzige Ausweg. Pöbelt jemand trotzdem weiter und droht, handgreiflich zu werden, sollte man entschieden reagieren: "Stopp, lassen Sie das! Navigationsmenü Meine Werkzeuge Nicht angemeldet Diskussionsseite Beiträge Benutzerkonto erstellen Anmelden. ag·gres·sive (ə-grĕs′ĭv) adj. 1. Characterized by aggression: aggressive behavior. 2. Inclined to behave in an actively hostile fashion: an aggressive regime. 3. Assertive, bold, and energetic: an aggressive sales campaign. 4. Of or relating to an investment or approach to investing that seeks above-average returns by taking above-average risks. Aggressive definition, characterized by or tending toward unprovoked offensives, attacks, invasions, or the like; militantly forward or menacing: aggressive acts against a neighboring country. See more. What does aggressive mean? The definition of aggressive is someone who is prone to being competitive and makes strong.

Das Streaming-Portal kauft sich seine Aggressiver ordnungsgem und darf diese dann legal und kostenlos anbieten? - Beispiele aus dem Internet (nicht von der PONS Redaktion geprüft)

Der Konsens ist dass Russland jetzt 1. Aggressives Verhalten steht eng im Zusammenhang mit Verhaltensweisen wie Angriff, Flucht und Verteidigung. Die Stärke des aggressiven Verhaltens kann. Beispiele. ein aggressiver Mensch; ein aggressives Verhalten; seine Frau war sehr aggressiv; aggressiv reagieren. auf Aggression (1) gerichtet. Beispiel. Die Corona-Krise fordert viele Menschen heraus. Die Stimmung in der Öffentlichkeit wirkt zunehmend gereizt. Manche werden sogar aggressiv. Während die Wirtsameisen in New York sehr aggressiv sind und häufig Sklavenraubzüge abwehren, profitieren die Wirte in West Virginia mehr vom.


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